PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 67, No. 5, OCTOBER 2017

ENDOSCOPIC FINDINGS IN NON ULCER DYSPEPSIA; A NEW PERSPECTIVE

Muhammad Hafeez, Tariq Sarfraz*, Humaira Tariq**

Abstract

Objective: To see the pattern of endoscopic findings in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia.
Study Design: Observational cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Combined Military Hospital Kharian Pakistan,from Jan 2015 to Dec 2015.
Material and Methods: Two hundred and seventy seven patients were included in the study. Patients presenting with dyspeptic symptoms at outpatient Gastroenterology Department were included in this study. Upper GI endoscopy was carried out and those having ulcers or any structural lesion were excluded from the study. Endoscopic findings were interpreted with IBM SPSS version 22.
Results: Out of 277 patients, 146 were male and 131 female. Their minimum age was 12 and maximum age was 86 years with 44 ± 15.5 (mean ± SD). Maximum numbers of patients were between ages of 31 to 50 years. Endoscopy was normal in 112 (40.4%) patients, showed mild gastritis in 118 (43.7%), moderate gastritis in 17 (6.1%), duodenitis in 19 (6.9%), and mixed findings in 8 (2.9%) patients. Bile was present in 144 (52%) and absent in 133 (48%) of the endoscopies.
Conclusion: Mostly patients have either normal findings or mild gastritis on upper GI endoscopy. Gastric bile reflux was a common observation.

Keywords : Bile reflux, Gastritis, Non ulcer dyspepsia.



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