PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 67, No. 3, JUNE 2017

DETERMINANTS OF DEPRESSION ANXIETY STRESS AMONG LEFT BEHIND FAMILIES IN AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR

Rabia Mushtaq, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Seema Gul

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the determinants of depression, anxiety and unmanageable stress among left behind wives of overseas migrants in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K).
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: International Islamic University Islamabad, 2015.
Materials and Method: The sample comprised of 200 left behind wives, selected from two districts of AJ&K
through purposive sampling technique. Depression anxiety stress scale along with a demographic sheet was used for the data collection. A t-test and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were computed.
Results: Findings indicated significantly high depression (M=18.77, p<0.01) stress (M=21.5, p<0.001) among left behind wives belonging to joint family system as compared to left behind wives of nuclear families. Present study has found significant differences on depression (M=18.34, p<0.01) anxiety (M=15.12, p<0.01) and stress (M=21.78, p<0.01) among left behind wives having physical illness. Significantly high depression (M=16.64, p<0.05) and stress (M=19.94, p<0.01) were measured among non-working left behind wives as compared to working left behind wives. Findings of the present study showed significant difference on depression F (7, 192) = 2.592, p<0.05 and stress F (7,192) = 2.117, p<0.05 among left behind wives because of the duration of their husbands’ migration.
Conclusion: Study found more prevalence of depression and stress as compared to anxiety among left behind wives.

Keywords : Anxiety, Depression, Left behind wives, Stress.



Creative Commons License
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.