A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648


It is policy of the Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ) to publish articles pertaining
to different fields of medical sciences providing sufficient contribution to medical knowledge.
The journal is presently being published bimonthly. The articles may include new experimental
methods of medical importance; new results obtained experimentally; new interpretation of
existing results or data pertaining to clinical problems; or epidemiological work giving substantial
scientific information pertaining to medical sciences.
All such articles should aim for development of medical concepts rather than mere recording of
facts. Incomplete studies will be discouraged.

a. To publish original, well documented, peer reviewed clinical and basic sciences articles.
b. To inculcate the habit of medical writing.
c. To enable physicians to remain informed in multiple areas of medicine, including
developments in fields other than their own.
d. To share the experience and knowledge for benefit of patients.
e. To document medical problems pertinent to military medicine like high altitude medicine,
heat stroke, disaster management etc.
f. To achieve the highest level of ethical medical journalism and to produce a publication that
is timely, credible, and enjoyable to read.



Chief Editor has full authority over the editorial content of the journal. There is no interference
in the evaluation; selection or editing of individual articles either directly or by creating an
environment that strongly influences decisions.


An “author” is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual
contributions to a study. Authorship credit should be based on:
1. Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and
interpretation of data.
2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
3. Final approval of the version to be published.
Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
It is important to note that:
a. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group,
alone, does not justify authorship.
b. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify
should be listed.
c. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility
for appropriate portions of the content.
d. Once authorship certificate is submitted no further change will be allowed.


Upon the initial submission of the manuscript, the author is acknowledged and allocated a
reference member for future correspondence. This process takes place within 2 days. The
manuscript is categorized according to the type of article into Original, Review, Case Report and so
forth. Each type of article has a special format and should comply with the updated PAFMJ
Instruction to Authors, which are published in all issues. Normally an article is reviewed by at least
two subject experts and the other member of the editorial committee. If the reviewer has not sent
review within stipulated period, a first and second reminder letters are sent within 2-3 weeks. If
after the 2nd reminder the reviewer fails to reply, the matter is referred to editor who assigns it for
an urgent review by one of the members of Editorial Advisory Board. The usual delay is in the
reviewing process owing to the reviewer's professional and academic commitments. The reviewer's
comments are communicated to the author. The revised version of the article is sent back to the
reviewers. A period of 2-4 months is set to finalize the process. Accepted manuscript is then handed
to statistician and bibliographer for data analysis and verification of reference respectively. The
editor, then critically goes through each of the article, get their order, pagination and is sent to press
for printing.


Unbiased, independent, critical assessment is an intrinsic part of all scholarly work, including
the scientific process. Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to journals
by experts who are not part of the editorial staff. Peer review can therefore be viewed as an
important extension of the scientific process. It is the policy of PAFMJ that every article received for
publication is peer reviewed by at least two senior specialists of the concerned specialty. The
“double blind” process is strictly followed. In certain controversial cases, the opinion of a 3rd
reviewer is also obtained. In case of conflict of opinion between the two reviewers, the matter is
referred to the Chief-editor.


Conflict of interest exists when as author (or the author’s institution), reviewer, or editor has
financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such
relationship are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties).
However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic
competition, and intellectual passion. Increasingly, individual studies receive funding from
commercial firms, private foundations, and government. The conditions of this funding have the
potential to bias and otherwise discredit the research.
When authors submit a manuscript, whether an article or a letter, they are responsible for
disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity,
authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist.
It is the discretion of editorial committee of PAFMJ to resolve any conflict of interest between
the author(s) and reviewers. Editors may choose not to consider an article for publication if they
feel that the research is biased by the sponsors funding the research project.


Plagiarism is the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another
author and representing them as one’s own original work. Within the academia, researcher is
considered academic dishonesty or academic fraud and offenders are subject to academic censure.
Plagiarism can be unintentional or intentional reproducing academic material without appropriate
citation. Similarly self plagiarism is the re-use of significant, identical or near identical portions of
one’s own work without citing the original work. This is also known as “Recycling fraud”. Worst
form of plagiarism is to steal the whole article from some journal and publish it under own name in
another journal. Lately the use of internet has made it easier to plagiarize, by copying the electronic
tests and using them as original work.
Originality of narration is key attribute of any scientific writing. Articles showing high
Similarity Index, therefore will not be processed further.
It is the policy of editorial committee of PAFMJ to blacklist any author found to be guilty of
plagiarism. The name of author(s) committing plagiarism will also be disseminated to editors of
other medical journals, PM&DC and HEC.


When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the
procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on
human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as
revised in 2000. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki
Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the
institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting
experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national
guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
In case of any study involving clinical trial, taking of informed consent of patients is mandatory.
Whenever editorial committee of PAFMJ feels necessary, the research paper will be referred to
the ethical committee of the center for Research in Experimental and Applied Medicine (CREAM)
based at Army Medical College, for its evaluation and approval.


The editorial office has been established at Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

The editorial advisory board will be as per following appointments.
Surgeon General/DGMS (IS), Pak Army Chairman
Chief Editor PAFMJ/Principal, Army Medical College Member
Director General Medicine Member
Director General Surgery Member
Commandant AFPGMI, Rwp Member
Deputy Surgeon General/DGMS (IS) Member
DGMS (Navy) Member
DGMS (Air) Member
A meeting of editorial advisory board is held as often as required to give approval/decision on
matters forwarded by editor pertaining to any change in the existing policy, appointment/deletion
of any member of the editorial board and any other point.

The members of the editorial board are appointed keeping in view their professional
competence (advisers) in different fields of medical sciences. The aim is to have members having
wide experience in different fields of medical sciences. In addition to senior specialists from Armed
Forces, senior professionals from civil sector as well as from foreign countries will be co-opted with
approval of the editorial advisory board.

An editorial committee consisting of chief editor, editor(s), joint editor, assistant editor(s) and
the editorial secretaries meet at least once a month to expedite the business of the journal.
The editorial committee follows the guidelines provided by International Committee of
medical Journal editors in” Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical
Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication” which can be downloaded from


PAFMJ is a Bi – monthly medical journal. Timelines for print and online publications are as under:-

Issue              Month                         Date

1                      Jan, Feb                        28th Feb

2                      Mar, April                     30th April

3                      May, June                    30th June

4                      July, Aug                       31st Aug

5                      Sep, Oct                        31st Oct

6                      Nov, Dec                      31st Dec


Reference to GHQ letter no. 3543/242/DMS-5(b)-CPPHUJ dated 23 Aug 2017, the processing fee of
Rs. 1500/- is to be paid at the time of submission of the article through demand/bank draft payable
in the favour of PAFMJ-AMC account. It is further intimated that AMC/ADC officers have to pay
Rs. 3500/- and the Civil authors` will have to pay Rs. 7,000/- as publication charges/fee, if the
article is accepted for publication. The charges for case report and short communication will be half
of the above charges. (Payable before issuance of acceptance letter).


This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

PAFMJ follows Budapest Open Access Initiative definition for Open Access which states that, "Readers may read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles and use them for any other lawful purpose."


The Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal follows "CC BY NC "creative commons" licensing.