A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648


Articles and all editorial correspondence should be sent to Editor, PAFMJ C/O Army Medical College, Abid Majeed Road, Rawalpindi.

Instruction for Authors           Authorship Certificate           Authors Checklist

Each editorial is written by one member of the editorial board as solicited by the editor. The
editorial is scientific review on one or two of the current topics pertaining to medical sciences
(preference is given to subjects pertaining to Army health problems).

Original Paper
Manuscript must be accompanied by a certificate signed by author and all co-authors that they
have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and they have not submitted the
manuscript to any other journal. All manuscript should be typed in double spacing on A-4 paper
(8.25” x 11.70” = 21.0 cms x 29.70 cms) white bond paper with one inch (2.5 cms) margin on both
sides. The article words count should be in the range 2000 - 2500 words (excluding references and abstract) with
maximum 18-25 references and 3–5 figures or tables. If prepared on a word processor/computer, a
properly protected, CD should be sent with the manuscript. Each manuscript should include:
1. Title page:
Please give complete title as well as a short title of the article
Name of author(s)
Institution(s) at which work was performed
Official phone/fax no, cell no, personal e-mail address (to whom correspondence is to be
addressed) in case of posting please provide new address
Short running title for header
2. Structured Abstract:
Study Design
Place and duration of study
Patients and Methods
Keywords 3–10 (Medical Subject Headings – MeSH) in alphabetical order
Abstract should be of 250 words
3. Text:
Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither
review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.
Patients and Methods: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If an
apparatus is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the
method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that
another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of
administration must be given. Methodology section should contain (without headings) study
design, place and duration of study, sample size, sampling technique, inclusion and exclusion
criteria, data collection and analysis procedure. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify
any general computer programme used. The info system used should be clearly mentioned.
Results: Must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables
should not be repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long
articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the results and discussion parts) to
clarify their contents. Extra or supplementary materials and technical details can be placed in an
appendix where it is accessible. It may be omitted from the printed version but may be published in
the electronic version of the journal.
Discussion: This should emphasize present findings & the variations or similarities with other work
done in the field by other workers. Detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them.
It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no
conclusions can be derived.
Conclusion: Should be in line with the objectives and results and should be same as given in
Conflict of Interest: When authors submit a manuscript they must disclose all financial and
personnel relationship that might bias their work. Authors must state explicitly whether
potential conflicts do or do not exist. They should do so in the manuscript on the title page.
Additional details can be provided if necessary in a covering letter which accompanies the
manuscript. Authors of study funded by an agency with proprietary or financial interest in the
outcome must sign a statement that they had full excess to all the data in the study and take
complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. This
statement should be submitted along with the manuscript.
Acknowledgements (if any): All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be
covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help,
writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support. Financial and
material support should also be acknowledged. Persons who have contributed materially but
do not justify authorship can be listed as “clinical investigators” or “participating investigators”
or “scientific advisors” or “critically reviewed the study proposal or collected data. Disclosure
(Presentation of the article in any conference, seminar, symposium before submission to PAFMJ)
Authors Contributions: Authorship credit should be based on:
1) Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and
interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual
content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. 4) Agreement to be accountable for all
aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the
work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, 3 and 4.
(For details of authorship criteria kindly consult ICMJE guidelines).
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone does
not justify authorship. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship & all those
who qualify should be listed.
· Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for
appropriate portions of the content.
· In case of more than one author in a manuscript, the contributions of each person listed as author
in the study should be mentioned.
When a large, multi-center group has conducted the work, the group should identify the
individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully
meet the criteria for authorship defined above and editors will ask these individuals to complete
journal-specific author and conflict of interest disclosure forms. When submitting a group author
manuscript, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and should
clearly identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Other members of the group
should be listed in the acknowledgements. Addition and deletion of authors may not be permitted
after submission with authorship proforma duly signed.
References: Fifty Percent References should be last five years and all references listed
consecutively as numerical in parentheses. The final bibliography should be in the order in which
they are quoted in the text and written in Vancouver Style). References appearing in a table or
figure should be numbered sequentially with those in text. DOI number of those references where
it is available. PAFMJ follows Index Medicus style for references and abbreviated journal names
according to the list of Journals indexed in Index Medicus.
Journals: Standard journal article. (List all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list only
first six and add et al)
You CH. Lee KY, Chey WY, Manguy R. Electrogastrographic study of patients with unexplained
nausea, bloating and vomiting. Gastroenterology 1980; 79: 311-4.
Chapter in a book: Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading micro organisms.
In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, eds. Pathologic physiology: mechanisms of disease. WB
Saunders, Philadelphia 1974; 457-72.
4. Tables and Figures: 3–5 figures and or tables are allowed (each table, complete with legends and
footnotes, should be merged in the manuscript).
5. Proof Reading: Final version of manuscript is sent to corresponding author for proof reading
before publication to avoid any mistakes. Corrections should be conveyed clearly & Editor
informed by E-mail.
Reviews: The purpose of a review is to provide clinicians, scientists and those in training with a
clear and up to date concept of a subject of current interest. It should be very informative
thoroughly referenced and easily readable with fluency of language. The text should not exceed 3-7
journal pages. For information’s regarding the typing and reference style, please follow the
instructions above. It should contain an unstructured abstract with 3-10 keywords (MeSH) followed
by Introduction/Background and Discussion portions of the main article. Maximum word count
should be from 2500 - 3000 words (excluding references and abstract) with 25-30 references.
Field Medicine: It has been decided by the Editorial Board to include articles relating to various
aspects of military medicine in the journal. These articles reflect various medical problems faced by
the troops deployed in the field or hard areas and the preventive measures to overcome them.
Rapid Communication: Rapid/Special/Short communication should be complete work, not merely
a preliminary report and should not exceed 1500 words with one figure and/or one table. An
editorial decision will be provided rapidly without reports. For writing and references style, please
refer to the instruction above.
Case Report: Short report of cases, clinical experience, drug trails or adverse effects may be
submitted. They should not exceed 700 words, 10 bibliographic references and either two concise
table or one figure. The report must contain genuinely new information.
Letters: Opinions on topics and articles recently published in the journal will be considered for
publication if they are constructive in nature and provide academic/clinical interest. These letters
will be forwarded to author of the cited article for possible response. The editor reserves the right to
shorten these letters, delete objectionable comments, make other changes, or take any other suitable
decision to comply with the style of the journal.
Note: All articles submitted to PAFMJ must only be submitted to this journal and may not have
been published elsewhere in part or total. The authors will be requested to sign an agreement to
give the copyright to the publishers. The authors will be required to assist the editors for reviewing
proof before publication.


Authors are required to send letter from Institutional Review Board / Biomedical Ethical
Committee / Ethical Review Committee along with Original articles, Rapid communications and
Case reports.

Reference to GHQ letter no. 3543/242/DMS-5(b)-CPPHUJ dated 23 Aug 2017, the processing fee of
Rs. 1500/- is to be paid at the time of submission of the article through demand/bank draft payable
in the favour of PAFMJ-AMC account. It is further intimated that AMC/ADC officers have to pay
Rs. 3500/- and the Civil authors` will have to pay Rs. 7,000/- as publication charges/fee, if the
article is accepted for publication. The publication charges for case report and short communication
will be half of the above charges. (Payable before issuance of acceptance letter).

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research
freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
PAFMJ follows Budapest Open Access Initiative definition for Open Access which states that,
"Readers may read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles and
use them for any other lawful purpose."

The Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal follows "CC BY NC "creative commons" licensing.



1. An unpublished manuscript is a privileged document. Please protect it from any form of
exploitation. Don’t cite a manuscript or refer to the work it describes before it has been
published and don’t use the information that it contains for the advancement of your own
research or in discussions with colleagues.
2. Adopt a positive, impartial attitude toward the manuscript under review, with the aim of
promoting effective and accurate scientific communication. If you believe that you cannot judge
a given article impartially, please return it immediately to the editor.
3. Reviews must be completed by the date stipulated on the review form. If you know that you
cannot finish the review within that time, immediately return the manuscript to the editor. If
possible, provide the names and addresses of two reviewers who are competent to handle the
subject matter.
4. Consider the following aspects while reviewing the manuscript:-
a. Significance of research question or subject studied.
b. Originality of work.
c. Appropriateness of approach or experimental design.
d. Adequacy of experimental techniques.
e. Soundness of conclusions and interpretation.
f. Relevance of discussion
g. Soundness of organization.
h. Adherence to style as set forth in instructions to authors.
j. Adequacy of title and abstract.
k. Appropriateness of figures and tables.
l. Length of article.
m. Adherence to correct nomenclature (genetic, enzyme, drug, biochemical etc).
n. Appropriate literature citations.
5. Any corrections, if required, may be marked on the copy of the article provided.
6. Please point out any unnecessary illustrations and data that are presented in both tabular (and
graphic) form and in detail in the text. Such redundancies are a waste of space and reader’s
7. A significant number of authors have not learnt how to organize data and will benefit from
your guidance.
8. Do not discuss the paper with its authors.
9. In your comments intended for the author, please do not make any statement about the
acceptability of the paper. Present criticism dispassionately and avoid offensive remarks.
10. Organize your review so that an introductory paragraph summarizes the major findings of the
article, gives your overall impression of the paper and highlights the major shortcomings. This
paragraph should be followed by specific numbered comments which if appropriate may be
subdivided into major and minor points.
11. Confidential remarks directed to the editor should be typed (or handwritten) on a separate
sheet and not on the review form. You might want to distinguish between revisions considered
essential and those judged merely desirable.
12. Your criticisms, arguments and suggestions concerning the paper will be useful to the editor
and to the author if they are carefully documented. Do not make dogmatic, dismissive
statements, particularly about the novelty of work. Please substantiate your statements.
13. Reviewer’s recommendations are gratefully received by the editor. However, since editorial
decisions are usually based on evaluations derived from several sources, reviewers should not
expect the editor to honor every recommendation.
14. Categories of recommendation: accept, reject, modify, or convert to some other form. Very few
papers qualify for “accept” upon original submission for publication except for minor style
15. Keep a copy of the review in your files. The manuscript may be returned to you for a second
review. You might require this copy to evaluate the author’s responses to your criticisms


PAFMJ welcomes your voluntary academic contribution by joining PAFMJ as a distinguished reviewer. If you wish to become a reviewer and you fulfill the following criteria then you are requested to fill up the request form.

  1. Experience in the particular field : Five years (minimum after acquiring postgraduate qualification)
  2. Publications as first, second or third author: Minimum five in PMDC / HEC / Impact factor journals
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For details please contact Editor PAFMJ Editorial Board Office c/o Army Medical College Rawalpindi
Email: Telephone: 0092 51 5516755 Ext 308
Telephone: 0092 51 5136733

The editorial committee acknowledges the assistance of Supdt Ch Muhammad Saeed,
LDC Mudassar Mustafa, LDC Sanwal Ammar Sarwar and LDC Hammad Ali for manuscript
typing, composing and graphic analysis of this journal.

About US
  Dr Zahid Hamid

   Prof Tahir Mukhtar Sayed
   Prof Arshad Mahmood
   Dr Ammar Raza
   Dr Salman Ashraf
   Dr Qamar Ul Haq Noor
   Dr Ahmad Muqeem

  Chief Editor
       Prof. Saleem Ahmed Khan
     Principal and Dean Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
     Email Address:
       Prof. Khadija Qamar
     Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
     Email Address:
Joint Editor

   Prof. Muhammad Alamgir khan
   Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
   Email Address:

Assistant Editors

   Dr. Palvasha Waheed  
   Dr. Syed Fawad Mashhadi
   Dr. Kulsoom Farhat
   Dr. Shamaila Mohsin
   Dr. Aliya Hisam

       Mr. Ch Muhammad Saeed
       Miss Sajida Malik
Dr. Desley Neil (Birmingham, UK)
Prof. Mohammad Bagher Rokni (Tehran, Iran)
Prof. Waheed-uz-Zaman Tariq (Al Ain, UAE)
Prof. Ali-I-Musani (USA)
Dr. Ahmed Badar, (University of Dammam, KSA)
Dr. Xu Jinlian (China) 
Dr. Syed Naveed Aziez (Australia)
Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad Cheema (UK)
Dr. Naeem Nabi (Canada)
National (Extra-Organizational)
Prof Shahid Pervez (Karachi)
Prof Muhammad Tayyab (Lahore)
Prof Zafar Nazir (Karachi)
Prof Shoaib Shafi (Rawalpindi)
Prof Assad Hafeez (Islamabad)
Prof Ishtiaq Ahmed (Islamabad)
National (Organizational)

Prof Zafar Iqbal Shaikh
Prof Naeem Naqi
Prof Muhammad Tahir Khadim
Prof Sohail Aziz
Prof Aslam Khan
Prof Liaqat Ali
Prof Irfan Ali Sheikh
Prof Waseem Ahmed
Prof Syed Nusrat Raza
Prof Shehla M Baqai
Dr Afshan Fayyaz
Dr Muhammad Manzoor
Dr Abdus Sattar Aleem
Dr Safdar Hussain



Army Medical College,
Abid Majeed Road, Rawalpindi,Pakistan
Ph: +92515516755 [Extension - 308]
Email: ;


The title of the article was wrongly published due to typographical mistake in PAFMJ
issue of Jun 2017, Vol 67 No. 3 pages no. 356-60 titled “Diagnostic Accuracy of
Echocardiography in Determining Left Anterior Descending Artery Occlusion” The
corrected title of the article is “Diagnostic Accuracy of Electrocardiography in
Determining Left Anterior Descending Artery Occlusion”. The omission is regretted.