A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648


Articles and all editorial correspondence should be sent to Editor, PAFMJ C/O Army Medical College, Abid Majeed Road, Rawalpindi.

Instruction for Authors           Authorship Certificate           Authors Checklist

Each editorial is written by one member of the editorial board as solicited by the editor. The editorial is scientific review on one or two of the current topics pertaining to medical sciences (preference is given to subjects pertaining to Army health problems).
Original Paper
Manuscript must be accompanied by a certificate signed by author and all coauthors that they have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and they have not submitted the manuscript to any other journal. All manuscript should be typed in double spacing on A-4 paper (8.25” x 11.70” = 21.0 cms x 29.70 cms) white bond paper with one inch (2.5 cms) margin on both sides. The article submitted should not exceed 2500 words (excluding references and abstract) with maximum 18-25 references and 3–5 figures or tables. If prepared on a word processor/computer, a properly protected, CD should be sent with the manuscript. Each manuscript should include:
1. Title page:
Complete title of the article
Name of author(s)
Institution(s) at which work was performed
Official phone/fax no, cell no, personal e-mail address (to whom correspondence is to be addressed) in case of posting please provide new address
Short running title for header
2. Structured Abstract:
Study Design
Place and duration of study
Patients and Methods
Keywords 3 – 10 (Medical Subject Headings – MeSH) in alphabetical order
3. Text:
Introduction: This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.
Patients and Methods: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. Methodology section should contain (Without headings) study design, place and duration of study, sample size, sampling technique, inclusion and exclusion criteria, data collections procedure and data analysis procedure. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer programme used. The Info system used should be clearly mentioned.
Results: It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents. Extra or supplementary materials and technical details can be placed in an
appendix where it will be accessible. It may be omitted from the printed version but may be published in the electronic version of the journal.
Discussion: This should emphasize present findings & the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. Detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.
Conclusion: Should be in line with the objectives and results.
Conflict of Interest: When authors submit a manuscript they must disclose all financial and personnel relationship that might bias their work. Authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. They should do so in the manuscript on the title page. Additional details can be provided if necessary in a covering letter which accompanies the manuscript. Authors of study funded by an agency with proprietary or financial interest in the outcome must sign a statement that they had full excess to all the data in the study and take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. This statement should be submitted along with the manuscript.
Acknowledgements (if any): All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Persons who have contributed materially but do not justify authorship can be listed as “clinical investigators” or “participating investigators” or “scientific advisors” or “critically reviewed the study proposal or collected data. Disclosure (Presentation of the article in any conference, seminar, symposium before submission to PAFMJ)
Authors contributions: Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. 4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, 3 and 4. (For details of Authorship Criteria kindly consult ICMJE guidelines)
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone does not justify authorship. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship & all those who qualify should be listed.
· All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship and all those who qualify should be listed.
· Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
· In case of more than one authors in a manuscript, the contributions of each person listed as author in the study should be mentioned.
When a large, multi-center group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship defined above and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict of interest disclosure forms. When submitting a group author manuscript, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and should clearly identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Other members of the group should be listed in the acknowledgements. Addition and deletion of authors may not be permitted after submission with authorship proforma signed by authors.
References: (Fifty Percent References should be of last five years and all references listed consecutively as numerical in parentheses. The final bibliography should be in the order in which they are quoted in the text and written in Vancouver Style). References appearing in a table or
figure should be numbered sequentially with those in text. DOI number of those references where it is available. PAFMJ follows Index Medicus style for references and and abbreviated journal names according to the list of Journals indexed in Index Medicus
Journals: Standard journal article. (List all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list only first six and add et al)
You CH. Lee KY, Chey WY, Manguy R. Electrogastrographic study of patients with unexplained nausea, bloating and vomiting. Gastroenterology 1980; 79: 311-4.
Chapter in a book: Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading micro organisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, eds. Pathologic physiology: mechanisms of disease. WB Saunders, Philadelphia 1974; 457-72.
4. Tables and Figures:: 3 – 5 figures and or tables are allowed (each table, complete with legends and footnotes, should be merged in the manuscript).
5. Proof Reading: Final version of manuscript is sent to corresponding author for proof reading before publication to avoid any mistakes. Corrections should be conveyed clearly & Editor informed by e-mail.
Reviews: The purpose of a review is to provide clinicians, scientists and those in training with a clear and up to date concept of a subject of current interest. It should be very informative thoroughly referenced and easily readable with fluency of language. The text should not exceed 3-7 journal pages. For information’s regarding the typing and reference style, please follow the instructions above. It should contain an unstructured abstract with 3-10 keywords (MeSH) followed by Introduction/Background and Discussion portions of the main article. Maximum word count should be from 2500 – 3000 words (excluding references and abstract) with 25 – 30 references
Field Medicine: It has been decided by the Editorial Board to include articles relating various aspects of military medicine in the journal. These articles reflect various medical problems faced by the troops deployed in the field or hard areas and the preventive measures to overcome them.
Rapid Communication: Rapid/Special/Short communication should be complete work, not merely a preliminary report and should not exceed 1500 words with one figure and/or one table. An editorial decision will be provided rapidly without reports. For writing and references style, please refer to the instruction above.
Case Report: Short report of cases, clinical experience, drug trails or adverse effects may be submitted. They should not exceed 700 words, 10 bibliographic references and either two concise table or one figure. The report must contain genuinely new information.
Letters: Opinions on topics and articles recently published in the journal will be considered for publication if they are constructive in nature and provide academic/clinical interest. These letters will be forwarded to author of the cited article for possible response. The editor reserves the right to shorten these letters, delete objectionable comments, make other changes, or take any other suitable decision to comply with the style of the journal.
Note: All articles submitted to PAFMJ must only be submitted to this journal and may not have been published elsewhere in part or total. The authors will be requested to sign an agreement to give the copyright to the publishers. The authors will be required to assist the editors for reviewing proof before publication.
Authors are required to send letter from Institutional Review Board / Biomedical Ethical Committee / Ethical Review Committee must be sent along with Original articles, Rapid communications and Case reports.
Reference to GHQ letter no. 3543/242/DMS-5(b)-R3O1S dated 09 Oct 2014, the processing fee of Rs. 1000/- is to be paid at the time of submission of the article through pay order/Demand draft/ Crossed cheque payable in the favour of PAFMJ-AMC OR PAFMJ account. In case of out station
cheque please include Rs. 348/- (Rupees three hundred forty eight) as bank charges. It is further intimated that AMC/ADC officers will have to pay Rs. 2500/- and the Civil authors` will have to pay Rs. 5,000/- as publication charges/fee, if the article is accepted for publication. The charges for case report and short communication will be half of the above charges. (Payable before issuance of acceptance letter).
If the article process is complete and acceptance letter is issued to author. In such case if the authors want to publish the article on urgent/self finance basis then the charges are as follows:-
Submission charges Rs 1000.00
Publication charges Rs 15000.00 (all categories)
The article will be published in the next coming issue.



Instruction for Reviewers        

1. An unpublished manuscript is a privileged document. Please protect it from any form of exploitation. Don’t cite a manuscript or refer to the work it describes before it has been published and don’t use the information that it contains for the advancement of your own research or in discussions with colleagues.
2. Adopt a positive, impartial attitude toward the manuscript under review, with the aim of promoting effective and accurate scientific communication. If you believe that you cannot judge a given article impartially, please return it immediately to the editor.
3. Reviews must be completed by the date stipulated on the review form. If you know that you cannot finish the review within that time, immediately return the manuscript to the editor. If possible, provide the names and addresses of two reviewers who are competent to handle the subject matter.
4. In your review, consider the following aspects of the manuscript:-
a. Significance of research question or subject studied.
b. Originality of work.
c. Appropriateness of approach or experimental design.
d. Adequacy of experimental techniques.
e. Soundness of conclusions and interpretation.
f. Relevance of discussion
g. Soundness of organization.
h. Adherence to style as set forth in instructions to authors.
j. Adequacy of title and abstract.
k. Appropriateness of figures and tables.
l. Length of article.
m. Adherence to correct nomenclature (genetic, enzyme, drug, biochemical etc).
n. Appropriate literature citations.
5. Any help you can give in clarifying meaning will be appreciated. If you wish to mark the text of the manuscript, use a pencil or make a photocopy, mark it, and return it together with the original.
6. You can be particularly helpful in pointing out unnecessary illustrations and data that are presented in both tabular (and graphic) form and in detail in the text. Such redundancies are a waste of space and readers time.
7. A significant number of authors have not learnt how to organize data and will benefit from your guidance.
8. Do not discuss the paper with its authors.
9. In your comments intended for transmission to the author, don’t make any specific statement about the acceptability of a paper. Suggested revision should be stated as such and not expressed as conditions of acceptance. Present criticism dispassionately and avoid offensive remarks.
10. Organize your review so that an introductory paragraph summarizes the major findings of the article, gives your overall impression of the paper and highlights the major shortcomings. This paragraph should be followed by specific numbered comments which if appropriate may be subdivided into major and minor points.
11. Confidential remarks directed to the editor should be typed (or handwritten) on a separate sheet, not on the review form. You might want to distinguish between revisions considered essential and those judged merely desirable.
12. Your criticisms, arguments and suggestions concerning the paper will be most useful to the editor and to the author if they are carefully documented. Do not make dogmatic, dismissive statements, particularly about the novelty of work. Substantiate your statements.
13. Reviewer’s recommendations are gratefully received by the editor. However, since editorial decisions are usually based on evaluations derived from several sources, reviewers should not expect the editor to honor every recommendation.
14. Categories of recommendation: accept, reject, modify, or convert to some other form. Very few papers qualify for “accept” upon original submission for publication except for minor style changes.
15. Keep a copy of the review in your files. The manuscript may be returned to you for a second review. You might require this copy to evaluate the author’s responses to your criticisms.


PAFMJ welcomes your voluntary academic contribution by joining PAFMJ as a distinguished reviewer. If you wish to become a reviewer and you fulfill the following criteria then you are requested to fill up the request form.

  1. Experience in the particular field : Five years (minimum after acquiring postgraduate qualification)
  2. Publications as first, second or third author: Minimum five in PMDC / HEC / Impact factor journals
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About US
      Dr Asif Mumtaz Sukhera 

     Prof. Iftikhar Hussain
     Prof Sohail Hafeez
     Dr. Najm Us Saqib Khan 
     Dr Khawar Rahman
     Dr Ammar Raza 

  Chief Editor
       Prof. Saleem Ahmed Khan
     Prof of Pathology
     Principal and Dean Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
     Email Address:
       Prof. Tehmina Munir
     Prof of Pathology
     Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
     Email Address: 
Joint Editors
       Dr. Naila Azam
     Associate Professor of Public Health
     Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute, Rawalpindi,    Pakistan
     Email Address:
     Prof. Khadija Qamar
     Prof and Head of Anatomy
     Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan
     Email Address:
Assistant Editors

   Prof.Muhammad Alamgir khan 
   Prof of Physiology
   Army Medical College Rawalpindi. Pakistan 
   Email Address:  
   Dr. Palvasha Waheed  
   Dr. Syed Fawad Mashhadi
   Dr. Kulsoom Farhat
   Dr. Aliya Hisam

       Mr. Ch Muhammad Saeed
       Miss Sajida Javed
Dr. Desley Neil (Birmingham, UK)
Prof. Mohammad Bagher Rokni (Tehran, Iran)
Prof. Waheed-uz-Zaman Tariq (Al Ain, UAE)
Prof. Ali-I-Musani (USA)
Dr. Ahmed Badar, (University of Dammam, KSA)
Dr. Xu Jinlian (China) 
Dr. Syed Naveed Aziez (Australia)
Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad Cheema (UK)
Dr. Naeem Nabi (Canada)
National (Extra-Organizational)
Prof. Shahid Pervez (Karachi)
Prof. Muhammad Tayyab (Lahore)
Prof. Zafar Nazir (Karachi)
Prof. Shoaib Shafi (Rawalpindi)
Prof. Assad Hafeez (Islamabad)
National (Organizational)

Prof. Amjed Iqbal
Prof. Muhammad Ashfaq
Prof. Parvez Ahmad
Prof. Mazhar Ishaq
Prof. Salim Jehangir
Prof. Zafar Iqbal Shaikh
Prof. Shamrez Khan
Prof. Naeem Naqi
Prof. Tahir Mukhtar Sayed

Prof. Arshad Mahmood
Prof. Sohail Aziz
Dr.   Waseem Ahmed
Prof. Shehla M Baqai
Dr. Haroon Rashid
Dr. Safdar Hussain


Army Medical College,
Abid Majeed Road, Rawalpindi,Pakistan
Ph: +92515516755 [Extension - 308]
Email: ;