1. An unpublished manuscript is a privileged document. Please protect it from any form of
exploitation. Don’t cite a manuscript or refer to the work it describes before it has been
published and don’t use the information that it contains for the advancement of your own
research or in discussions with colleagues.
2. Adopt a positive, impartial attitude toward the manuscript under review, with the aim of
promoting effective and accurate scientific communication. If you believe that you cannot judge
a given article impartially, please return it immediately to the editor.
3. Reviews must be completed by the date stipulated on the review form. If you know that you
cannot finish the review within that time, immediately return the manuscript to the editor. If
possible, provide the names and addresses of two reviewers who are competent to handle the
4. Consider the following aspects while reviewing the manuscript:-
a. Significance of research question or subject studied.
b. Originality of work.
c. Appropriateness of approach or experimental design.
d. Adequacy of experimental techniques.
e. Soundness of conclusions and interpretation.
f. Relevance of discussion
g. Soundness of organization.
h. Adherence to style as set forth in instructions to authors.
j. Adequacy of title and abstract.
k. Appropriateness of figures and tables.
l. Length of article.
m. Adherence to correct nomenclature (genetic, enzyme, drug, biochemical etc).
n. Appropriate literature citations.
5. Any corrections, if required, may be marked on the copy of the article provided.
6. Please point out any unnecessary illustrations and data that are presented in both tabular (and graphic) form and in detail in the text. Such redundancies are a waste of space and reader’s
7. A significant number of authors have not learnt how to organize data and will benefit from
8. Do not discuss the paper with its authors.
9. In your comments intended for the author, please do not make any statement about the
acceptability of the paper. Present criticism dispassionately and avoid offensive remarks.
10. Organize your review so that an introductory paragraph summarizes the major findings of the
article, gives your overall impression of the paper and highlights the major shortcomings. This
paragraph should be followed by specific numbered comments which if appropriate may be
subdivided into major and minor points.
11. Confidential remarks directed to the editor should be typed (or handwritten) on a separate
sheet and not on the review form. You might want to distinguish between revisions considered
essential and those judged merely desirable.
12. Your criticisms, arguments and suggestions concerning the paper will be useful to the editor
and to the author if they are carefully documented. Do not make dogmatic, dismissive
statements, particularly about the novelty of work. Please substantiate your statements.
13. Reviewer’s recommendations are gratefully received by the editor. However, since editorial
decisions are usually based on evaluations derived from several sources, reviewers should not
expect the editor to honor every recommendation.
14. Categories of recommendation: accept, reject, modify, or convert to some other form. Very few papers qualify for “accept” upon original submission for publication except for minor style
15. Keep a copy of the review in your files. The manuscript may be returned to you for a second
review. You might require this copy to evaluate the author’s responses to your criticisms.